The coastal zone is defined as the geographical region that comprises the land-sea interface and whose boundaries depend on the influence that exists between these two environments. It is estimated that 50% of the world's population live in coastal zones, therefore, the development and conservation of this zone is strategic, due to its environmental and economic importance.
In Mexico, the legislation on development and conservation of coastal zones is not sufficiently clear causing the natural balance to be continually altered by anthropogenic interventions, extreme events, and the effects of climate change. These phenomena cause very important socioeconomic and environmental impacts that are often irreversible when neither adaptation nor adequate mitigation measures adequate mitigation measures are implemented.
The US National Academy of Science defines resilience as the ability to absorb, resist, recover and successfully adapt to adverse events. Knowing and understanding coastal resilience, as well as proposing initiatives to conserve it and possibly even increase it, requires the understanding of its dynamics from an integral point of view. Coastal dynamics are extremely complex due to strong interactions between marine, atmospheric, land, and anthropogenic processes.
In this context, the National Coastal Resilience Laboratory (LANRESC) arises, seeking to establish itself as an interdisciplinary and a multi-institutional platform with its headquarters in Sisal, Yucatán. This National Laboratory is focused on the study of the dynamics of the ocean and the atmosphere and their effects that converge and impact the coastal zones in Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean.
LANRESC conceives itself as an entity which generates fundamental and applied research on coastal systems using a holistic approach, that allows the integration of groups of experts from different areas and disciplines as well as the use of different techniques and tools for the evaluation of diverse processes related to coastal resilience. A fundamental interest of LANRESC is the characterization and analysis of climatic conditions, as well as the hydrologic and geohydrologic dynamics of oceans and lagoons, in order to evaluate their environmental impacts on the coast, for example erosion, flooding and salt intrusion. This in turn makes it possible to evaluate the social and economic risks of these impacts on productive activities in these strategic zones for national development.
LANRESC carries out research of the highest standard based on interdisciplinary work and human resources training linked to the Undergraduate and Graduate degrees offered by the institutions involved.